The Data Experience Transformation
Through a certain lens, sales can be seen as evolving from commodity to experience. Take coffee, for example: You can get raw beans, roasted beans, a plain cuppa joe or a nice latte served at a high-end coffee shop. Data can be sold as an experience too. The ultimate object of the data experience isn't simply data or clean data or even cheap and reliable data. It is the information that we derive from it.
Admit it: You never think about data storage any more.
We used to, quite a bit. Long before the storage glut that exists today, there was already too much of it, and it was hard to find places to store it. When we built software, it was with an eye toward maximizing our limited storage capacities, we looked after computer memory the way thirsty people in a desert manage their canteens. Bill Gates once famously said we'd never need more than 640 kb on a computer. That was a long time ago.
Then we all got fat on data. In my lifetime a megabyte went from US$1 million to chump change. The computer I write this on has four gigabytes, plus another half terabyte, on an itty-bitty spindle. Storage is now just another elastic resource available for a song on the Internet.
The availability of storage has encouraged us to capture and store data about the minutest details of our lives and our business processes. For a long time vendors have captured data about keystrokes and mouse clicks, analyzing it in the hope of finding a nugget of value. This brute force approach is inelegant, but it is brought to us by the ubiquity of fast and cheap storage and powerful analytics software increasingly built by out-of-work rocket scientists and Wall Street quants. It's there, so we use it.
The New Oil?
I was at a conference hosted by Pervasive Software last week in which the company announced new storage and data integration products -- more on that in a moment. While there, someone made the comment that data is the new oil, and I think I agree. Cheap energy made possible huge economic activity driven by transportation, and oil doubles as a raw material. Is data next? It already is the raw material of the digital age, and it seems like collecting and analyzing data is the default answer to the question of what we do next in a variety of business situations.
Now, we already have a variety of IT products delivered as services. Everything from software to infrastructure is now available as commodity services, easily accessed through the Internet. Pervasive and companies like it are talking about data as a service (DaaS), and with DaaS comes the need for data integration as a service too.
First Comes Service, Then Comes Experience
This is interesting on several levels, first for obvious reasons, but also because we're watching the DaaS industry skip over its commodity and product phases only to move directly into service. It's Joe Pine's and Jim Gilmore's cup of coffee from their landmark book The Experience Economy.
You know the story -- a vendor adds value to a commodity (coffee beans) through roasting and packaging and delivers to market a branded product. Then someone brews the stuff and serves it to you at a counter and it becomes a service. A third person pipes in music, gets some overstuffed chairs and mood lighting, and you have an experience.
Data has become a service. I can't help but wonder what the data experience will be, but I think it might look a lot like Pervasive's new product, called "Pervasive Galaxy." According to the press release, "Pervasive Galaxy is a combination of service marketplace, revenue sharing, integration store and community that serves its OEMs and ISVs." Sounds like an experience, no?
This opens up a lot of new territory in the cloud. For instance, a customer might want to use multiple SaaS applications and share data between them. That's a reasonable objective and just as with more terrestrial applications, an integration has to be done to make the applications talk to one another. That's where Galaxy comes in. With it vendors can write application connectors for popular packages and offer them - at commodity prices - to others in an environment not unlike iTunes or the AppExchange.
How to Make a $4 Cup of Coffee
Intuit (QuickBooks) and Salesforce.com recently announced a packaged integration of their products aimed at the low end of the market. The glue that holds the integration together is based on this technology. Small companies that have used QuickBooks for years can slurp their customer data (admittedly a highly jargonized technical term -- sorry) into Salesforce and build a reasonably relevant customer target list for such things as cross- and up-selling.
A more robust application of the idea might seek to upload old data to generate a map of the customer base, especially useful for an organization trying to balance its sales territories or equalize service approaches. The permutations are as vast as your imagination.
Now, I can understand the attractiveness of data as a subject -- it is the reason for building the above-mentioned infrastructure, which is as necessary as plumbing. But if we follow the coffee analogy noted above, then the ultimate object of the data experience isn't simply data or clean data or even cheap and reliable data. It is the information that we derive from it. The territory map just mentioned is merely data for the data supplier, just as a cup of coffee is always a cup of coffee. But in the hands of the customer, the coffee can become an experience and the data becomes vital information.
My reason for this obvious statement is simple. Now that data is a service, I think smart service vendors will see the importance of quickly advancing to the idea of selling information, or at least aiding and abetting it. Like the four-dollar cup of coffee at Starbucks, information carries a higher price tag, and there is almost no additional work.